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强化风险监测 维护食品安全——市食安办狠抓落实“五个最严”
发布时间: 2014-05-04 - 标签: , - 浏览 1,563 次

食品安全是社会各界广泛关注的热点问题之一。市食安办按照市政府“五个最严”(最严格的准入、最严格的执法、最严格的监管、最严格的处罚、最严格的问责)的要求,增强忧患意识,把应对处置食品安全突发事件作为一项重要工作来抓,在全市范围内建立“从田间到餐桌”覆盖全食物链的监测网络,多措并举保驾菜篮子,做到未雨绸缪,防微杜渐。

一、建立健全工作机构是食品安全监测的前提基础

为进一步加强本市食品安全工作,根据《上海市人民政府关于建立上海市食品安全委员会的决定》(沪府发〔2011〕21号)文件精神,本市于2011年5月成立了市食品安全委员会及其办公室,市食品安全委员会及其办公室承担本市食品安全应急管理职责。市食安办紧紧围绕保障公众食品安全这个中心,结合本市食品安全监管领域实际情况,依法全面履行政府监管职责,不断完善应急管理机制,努力做好食品安全应急管理工作。由此同时,积极加强应急组织机构和网络建设,全市各部门、各区县健全了食品安全组织体系,落实了应急工作责任,形成了领导有力、属地管理、分级负责、快速反应、条块联动的食品安全事故应急指挥体系。

二、实施分级分类风险监测是食品安全监测的关键环节

自2005年起,本市按照世界卫生组织推荐的监测指标,开展了各类食品分级分类的风险监测。风险监测涵盖了食品种植养殖、生产加工、流通消费的各个环节,由食品药品监管部门牵头实施。7年来,监测点逐步增扩,从起初的70个增至去年的115个,共监测29大类、94小类近7万件各类食品,由具有国家资质认证的16家实验室承担检测任务,获得监测数据106万项次。结果显示,本市各类食品的安全状况受到全面监测,总体合格率处于高位。根据最新的风险监测结果,2011年本市食品风险监测8593批次,平均合格率94.1%。2011年3月至2012年3月,本市的大米、面粉、食用油、禽蛋、乳品等5大类食品的监测合格率为100%;畜禽肉的合格率为97.6%,主要不合格原因是个别样品检出兽药微量超标;蔬菜的合格率为96.9%,主要不合格原因是农药残留超标。2011年开始,本市将市民关注的农药残留、保健食品中违法添加等26个项目列入年度风险评估立项项目,还及时组织开展了8项应急风险应急监测和评估。在问题蜜饯、问题豆芽、问题油脂等重大食品安全事件的查处以及食品安全地方标准的制定中发挥了重要作用。从2012年起,上海加大监测力度,食品安全风险监测点增加至150个。其中,与百姓生活密切相关、风险相对较高的食品被列为重点监测对象,包括大米、面粉、食用油、蔬菜、禽蛋、畜禽肉、乳制品等,实行每月1次的高密度监测。2012年初,市食安办根据风险监测情况和各监管部门的日常监管情况编发《2011年上海市食品安全状况报告》(白皮书),召开新闻发布会,及时向社会公布。同时加强风险交流,每月将风险监测和评估的情况及时告知相关监管部门、行业协会和连锁企业,督促其采取措施,加强监管,发布预警和提示,防范和控制食品安全风险。相关监管部门以风险监测发现的问题为线索,对问题产品、企业加强监管和监督抽检。

另外,为进一步加强食品安全监测信息发布,让广大市民及时了解食品安全动态信息。市食品药品监管局和市气象局依托“多灾种早期预警系统”,于2009年正式启动了国内首个细菌性食物中毒气象预警系统,在气象因素达到细菌性食物中毒发生中度以上风险时,该系统可以通过短信、网站、移动电视终端等大众媒体,向食品生产经营者、监管部门和消费者发出细菌性食物中毒预警。2012年6月7日,本市今年首次发布细菌性食物中毒高度风险预警公告。市食品药品监管局当天发布预警信息:根据与气象局联合研发并运行的上海市细菌性食物中毒预警系统显示,随着气温升高,上海细菌性食物中毒风险等级8日高度、9日为中度。为保障市民身体健康,特别是保障高考学生的饮食安全,市食品药品监管局要求各类餐饮单位加强食品安全防护,消除食物中毒隐患,同时提醒消费者增强自我防范意识,注意饮食安全。

三、加强舆情监测和舆论引导是食品安全监测的重要内容

本市加强食品安全舆情监测措施,积极回应社会关切。一是明确食品安全舆情监测与收集工作。通过建立信息员队伍,对食品安全通报、简报、网站、新闻媒体上的食品安全突发事件、公众热议的问题食品、媒体报道和记者暗访的安全隐患较大的食品、有关部门通报的监管、检测中发现的问题食品或报道的普遍性食品行业问题等展开监测与收集。二是加强食品安全舆情分析和处理。邀请相关专家,对热点难点问题舆论走向进行分析与研判,及时制订信息发布预案。三是增强食品安全舆情的反馈和发布。通过“上海发布”等政务微博,就食品安全问题与市民开展信息互动。市食安办和市食品药品监管局定期编制《食品安全舆情专报》、《国外食品安全动态》、《每日网摘》,并对世博会期间研发的“食品安全信息智能化监控与分析系统”,进行升级改造,及时发现国内外食品安全重大信息,防范食品安全风险。形成了一整套以及时发现、及时通报、科学评估、迅速处置为核心的系统的舆情处置机制。坚持食品安全信息透明、公开原则,第一时间向社会公布,取得了较好的社会反响。加强人员培训,不断提升服务媒体、应对突发事件的意识和能力。加强与媒体沟通合作,妥善引导社会舆论。建立了市食安办专职新闻发言人制度,就重大食品安全问题接受主要新闻媒体采访六十多次,及时发布食品安全信息,回应媒体和社会的关注。

由此同时,本市在着力加强食品安全信息公布的同时,食品药品监管部门还积极开展了食品安全知识及应急管理宣传教育工作,各部门在政府网站设立了专栏发布食品安全信息,市食安办设立了上海市食品安全网。各部门通过政府门户网站、微博、移动电视、IPTV等及时公布食品安全日常监督管理信息。市食安办组织各部门积极参与国务院食品安全办举办的“全国食品安全宣传周”活动,以“共建诚信家园,同铸食品安全”为主题,深入开展食品安全知识进学校、进社区、进企业、进机关,采取专家讲座、现场咨询、宣传册等多种形式大力宣传食品安全重要举措和取得成效,以及法律法规、科普知识等,使市民充分了解食品安全监管工作,增强食品安全信心,提高自我保护能力。此外,本市还通过地方立法的形式,确定建立全市统一的投诉举报电话和受理平台。本市于2012年1月1日启动了12331投诉举报电话,并大力实施食品安全有奖举报制度。仅开通上半年,全市食品安全投诉举报受理量累计达到19800件,同比增长30%。市食品安全举报投诉中心处理15075件,占全市总量的76.1%;当月办结率从运行之初的50%左右,逐步达到目前的90%以上;按时回复率达到100%。设立了食品安全举报专项奖励资金,全市投诉举报奖励同比增长10%。

“十二五”期间,本市将加强食品安全应急管理信息平台建设,不断完善应急视频指挥系统、食品安全信息分析预警系统等各专业系统的应急功能;建立健全食品安全风险监测体系,不断完善监测点,扩大抽验和监测覆盖面;加强对监测抽验信息的研究分析,提升应急检验监测能力,重点制定完善应急检验制度和程序,加强对食品突发事件风险因素的研究和分析,广泛开展应急检验方法研究和探索,全面提高应急检验能力和水平;组织力量定期或不定期开展风险隐患排查、分析,全面掌握各类风险隐患情况;完善食品安全突发事件信息报告制度,加强对相关信息的核实、审查和管理,重大突发事件要按照规定要求及时准确上报和妥善处置;加强信息发布和舆论引导,重点建立健全信息发布机制、舆情收集和分析机制,加强突发事件新闻发布工作管理,及时、准确、统一、科学、权威发布信息,加强与主流媒体的协调配合,为食品安全突发事件处置营造良好的舆论环境。

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