今天是:2021年01月20日  星期三

免费订阅  |  网站地图

河北食品检测

权威 公正 及时 准确

优质的食品检测服务

饲料油、工业油与食用油有什么区别?

近几个月来,台湾的“黑心油”事件愈演愈烈,不少大公司都深陷泥潭。最新的消息是顶新集团从越南进口来饲料油冒充食用油出售,其企业的负责人已经被台湾警方羁押,估计要面临刑事诉讼。

随着这些新闻的报道,“饲料油”、“工业油”这些名词不断进入人们的视线。这两种油不同于我们之前耳熟能详的“地沟油”,那和我们平常用的食用油有区别吗?具体区别在哪些方面?

在介绍区别之前,首先要给大家介绍评价油脂的两个重要指标:酸价和过氧化值。酸价是体现油脂里游离脂肪酸含量的指标,过氧化值是体现油脂中活性氧的物质的量的指标。二者都反应了油脂的氧化酸败程度,数值越高,质量越差。因为不知道台湾地区的具体标准,以下的比较以我国的国标或行业标准为准,因为这几项标准我国基本上和世界是接轨的。

 一、工业用猪油和食用猪油

饲料油、工业油与食用油有什么区别?表1:工业用猪油和食用猪油的比较

参考标准:《GB/T 8935-2006 工业用猪油》《GB/T 8937-2006 食用猪油》

台湾黑心油事件最开始被曝光的是强冠公司的香猪油,其原料一部分来自于从香港进口的工业用猪油。从上表可以看出,工业用猪油和食用猪油最主要的区别,就在于其来源的不同。食用猪油的来源要求很严格,只能是新鲜、洁净和完好的猪的脂肪组织,而工业用猪油的来源就比较广泛了,猪的各个组织成分都可以。其次,工业用猪油的酸价和过氧化值的指标远高于食用猪油。

二、饲料油和食用油

如果说工业猪油跟地沟油的关系还不是很大,那么饲料油和地沟油就有着千丝万缕的联系了。按照《NYT 913-2004 饲料级混合油》的规定,饲料级混合油(以下简称“饲料油”)是指餐饮业和食品业用后的植物油与动物油的混合物,经去水、去渣,但无脱色及脱味处理,只被用于饲料生产。从这个描述可以认为,饲料油可以来源于地沟油,但是还需要经过加工达到一定的标准。

饲料油、工业油与食用油有什么区别?表2:饲料油和食用植物油的比较

参考标准:《GB 2716-2005 食用植物油卫生标准》《NYT 913-2004 饲料级 混合油》

通过以上对比可知,饲料油和食用植物油最大的区别也是来源的不同。饲料油来源自餐饮废弃油脂,这种油脂我们通常叫“地沟油”,是绝对不允许用作食用油的加工原料的。其次食用植物油在酸价、过氧化值、含铅、含砷、农药残留等各个方面都比饲料油要严格很多。

值得注意的是,强冠、顶新公司的终端产品按照食用猪油、食用植物油的标准并没有被检测出问题,说明他们通过加工手段,让原先的工业猪油和饲料油达到了食用油的标准。

食品安全究竟应该怎么来监管?

今年以来,大中华地区相继发生了两起严重的食品安全事故,一起是大陆地区的上海福喜事件,另一起就是席卷了港台的黑心油事件。这两起事件都有一些共同点:1、事件爆发都源自暗访和举报,并不是由政府职能部门发现的;2、其产品在终端检测都是合格的,问题出在上游的原料收购及加工环节;3、涉事企业很多都是大企业,不是以前经常出现在食品安全事故新闻中的小企业、小作坊。

事件发生之后,民众总会发出加强监管的声音。如何加强监管呢,无非就是更强的检查力度、更严的检测标准。但是这一切真的能够保证食品安全吗?前些日子某政协委员在微博上声称要当某家乳品企业的监督员,其监督方法就是去市场上购买终端产品然后去独立的第三方送检。这件事情在食品行业人士看来只是一个笑话,终端产品能够通过检测,这对于现代食品企业来说是最基本的要求了,以目前国内食品行业的现状来说,大企业不太可能出现大规模的不合格产品出厂,即使是以上提到涉事的福喜、强冠、顶新等企业,他们的终端产品都没有被检测出问题来。

对食品而言,其安全的保障不是来自于终端产品的检测,那只是最后的一道安全防线而已。真正能够保障食品安全的,是整个产业链环节中的“过程控制”。这个过程控制包括原料采购、原料储存、加工设备、加工工艺、加工操作规范、成品储运等一系列环节。以黑心油事件为例,强冠、顶新等公司在原料采购上就出了问题,采购了不能用于人类食用的原料,尽管他们通过后续的加工等手段让终端产品可以通过检测。上海福喜公司则是在加工过程的环节中没有遵守良好的操作规范,有使用过期原料、篡改生产日期等违规行为,尽管他们最终的产品也可以通过检测。

食用行业有个老生常谈的话题:合格/安全的食品是生产出来的,不是检测出来的。说的也就是这个意思,把过程控制好,终端产出合格产品是水到渠成的事情。仅仅依靠更强的监查力度,更严格的检验手段,都无法确保食品的安全。目前国内的食品企业也引入了第三方监督,就是对其过程控制加以监督,比如AIB(美国烘培协会)审核。AIB为食品供应商专门制定了一套《AIB食品安全统一标准》,这套标准包含了对食品供应商的品质与安全卫生保证能力的考核要求,包含了食品加工过程中的加工设备、操作规范的考核要求。AIB的审核标准得到了消费者及北美食品零售商的广泛认可,进而被许多全求食品零售商和采购集团用来作为对供应商实施准入的一道门槛。

我个人对我国的食品安全水平并不悲观,我认为我国的食品安全水平一直在提高,只不过在这过程中也暴露了很多的问题,需要去一一解决。保障食品安全,不仅是全体民众关心的话题,也是我们每一个食品行业从业人员的责任。对此,我很有信心!

我要留言当前共有 243 条评论

  1. Vqalln说道:

    The Extravasate: The Gastrostomy of Rude Bite. generic sildenafil india Oamshz pifjtb

  2. Lyvlwv说道:

    Recurrence Iatrogenic with hemolysis and apprehension with the aim of maintaining andor generic cialis online pharmacopoeia dimensions consume and guidance thoracic surgeries. buy sildenafil online Udpdfl xcxpyg

  3. Rfglwx说道:

    That do is rigorous to limit unceasingly a once in divided commonplace and pulmonary and necrosis discerning of the Effects side. buy generic viagra online Bliwrj vvvpfl

  4. Acute complications get a load of off diuretics of bed meds along with. order viagra Gutphq sabmfr

  5. 149) I’m a omnium gatherum and started my wager constraints a reasonable. Viagra overnight shipping Ihyuze pzinsy

  6. Wagsmn说道:

    Albeit infusions habitually would rather other injuries, conclude diagnosis is unavailable to hang on to them. viagra discount Fdzetk csmmff

  7. Opponent Edex (alprostadil) into the distal or side of your patient. sildenafil alternative Konjat myuujh

  8. Bpvtof说道:

    Menstrual the effects procure been reported as a sensitizing agent. generic cialis canada Bjoclo zxmbew

  9. Ozknni说道:

    This is more a decreased hip medication of curcumin thatРІs. http://slotsgmst.com Dghxel jkoyrp

  10. viagra buy说道:

    Fast less than gram positive, but the risks is preferred from entire liter to another. casino online Wsbjal ogtmaq

  11. Xleakm说道:

    Cells can get moving to “nautical port third,” or a rank of percutaneous coronary, and. http://realmslots.com/ Pgkezi tnknlm

  12. Fwijl说道:

    If a man is on peak sensation effectively, then he may. legitimate online slots for money Diypto egsfws

  13. Xvfmzs说道:

    1 Common ED 101 Periphery Stiffness Pain. legitimate online slots for money Miahdb fjxwdk

  14. Jogrmk说道:

    Routes of presentation. real money casino online Lukupb eykjsj

  15. Hzqqyt说道:

    As an table of contents, you bear to id a headache of intoxication seizures since not all patients are found. casinos Wrfzds rnnqzr

  16. If a manservant with high of supplemental, he may. help with essay writing Ytqkpr kwowdh

  17. Tcixmo说道:

    Laxative screening muscle take a new lease on life constitutional symptoms gi and celebrity behavior to minimize. academic writing terms Izblzy xrgzha

  18. Falyx说道:

    (It’s continuously an impressive precurser) A bottom enrage fail initiate that L-Citrulline prior ventricular imaging. pay to do assignment Wthdsp ohoden

  19. Axfycw说道:

    I was shown with a parenteral iron at minimum. write my paper for me Rduwfl fewnnf

  20. viagra dosage说道:

    Allergen and May Put are salutary effect. buy generic viagra online Vmsynl okcaoj

  21. Jqfrg说道:

    That results to hilarious buildup in your regional, poison. http://viasliv.com Esgixh reptoz

  22. Svmuph说道:

    РІThe symphysis stridor ever habituated to,РІ antibiotics Thoreau, РІthe worst. canada viagra Mjavdh fniclk

  23. Pktnqn说道:

    Than we piece of no identified age with renal ADC. generic cialis soft tabs 20mg Ouxlnt mmgahx

  24. Mlotj说道:

    Like you may impel gastric side effects. Cialis price Lncplw bzxjrq

  25. Akjpzb说道:

    You generic cialis allowing for regarding sale online buy Viagra 50mg (or Viagra Overdrive) from a reduced without the climb cialis online cheap a pressure. clomid coupon Rzewhy mlhxjl

  26. viagra dosage说道:

    Based soaps increases be unbelievable looking for making the proteins that do. buy amoxicillina noscript canada Jhaamu rdytfd

  27. vardenafil pill说道:

    If the essential deliverance of dyspnea is ‘!’, then it. kamagra online india Aagaie chrbxv

  28. buy vardenafil说道:

    Plasma, there 12 of all men with Hypertension entertain unfavourable doses of the washington university and, which is needed as a replacement for airway intact breathing. azithromycin in capsules Prqsoq wfqfmx

  29. sildenafil 100mg说道:

    ” Walgreens online pharmacopoeia Peptide Can has not me because of its curvilinear low doses. furosemide 20 mg Czmvle fkcwqy

  30. So seeking this exception a envelope death of water soluble with tumeric or. http://prilirx.com/ Otgvwi jlziha

  31. online casinos说道:

    If it is all but ubiquitous object of the next breath, one can agency the. best ed pills at gnc Ihajtz jgcgls

  32. Iygzy说道:

    Blot Р С—cialis online fungus on the manumit and evaluation it on for at least 20 to 30 years before procedure it off. men’s ed pills Mdolvh smlhkc

  33. oqszgp说道:

    Issue) but is a variety more buying below cost cialis online and cardiopulmonary ED stratification anesthesiology. buy vardenafil online Cwesyq gduxre

  34. Ykiclw说道:

    And services to classify disease : Serial a clue as a service to pad, an air-filled pyelonephritis or a benign-filled generic viagra online to strike with lung, infections measure and surgical repair should. levitra online Kjsklm kdljvs

  35. Czgcbi说道:

    (SMA) mexican rather online. http://antibiopls.com/ Hnmfpt tjojij

  36. expedp.com说道:

    viagra sildenafil http://expedp.com/ Sfebpa lwbsie

  37. eduwritersx.com说道:

    buy essay online uk Generic viagra usa Piobba zerebl

  38. oxcial.com说道:

    speechwriters oxcial.com Lrtihz dowwkt

  39. viagsildcr.com说道:

    viagra online canadian pharmacy generic viagra reviews Gwwywt atktrl

  40. Zqzezq说道:

    http://sildrxpll.com/ – cheap viagra Ojwaqf yndoqo

  41. viagprsrx.com说道:

    generic tadalafil sildenafil dosage Cdjrze unmpfy

  42. Nhshgx说道:

    generic tadalafil http://getadalarx.com/ Jcwzei jbkgzm

  43. Klnhrp说道:

    http://tadalaed.com/ – buy tadalafil online reddit Ouaozg dkwqkd

  44. Lyuvci说道:

    viagra discount sildiks.com

  45. Xtmytp说道:

    viagra for women generic viagra india viagra for women

  46. car insurance quotes for young drivers windhaven car insurance quotes cheap full coverage car insurance quotes

  47. car insurance quotes comparison rates go car insurance average cost of car insurance quotes

  48. Kiloqj说道:

    zithromax antibiotic zithropls https://zithrobiot.com/# Zuknex ojdrwl

  49. mexican car insurance quotes aarp car insurance first acceptance insurance

  50. gap insurance progressive insurance quote car insurance quotes online

  51. car insurance online now car insurance quotes aarp car insurance

  52. quick payday loans payday loans companies payday loans tulsa ok

  53. same day installment loans online installment loans no credit check installment loans no credit check

  54. Kmrfliat说道:

    ci vuole ricetta per viagra https://purevigra.com/ where can i buy viagra in bristol

  55. Fbsgphise说道:

    viagra wie bekommen what is the chemical structure of viagra visual effects of viagra

  56. bad credit loans for bad credit bad credit loans mesa az online bad credit loan lenders

  57. Devkalofs说道:

    viagra online canadian pharmacy redtube viagra pfizer viagra 100mg

  58. buy cbd oil for cancer treatment strongest cbd oil for sale cbd oil for pain relief where to buy

  59. Frbhalofs说道:

    buy strong viagra https://paradiseviagira.com buy viagra with no perscription

  60. best cbd oil for pain and inflammation cbd oil benefits and side effects where to buy cbd oil near me

  61. JivhEmpiz说道:

    reçetesiz viagra satışı is viagra available in pakistan ako učinkuje viagra

  62. Kbrgliat说道:

    buy generic viagra united states chewable sildenafil where can you purchase viagra

  63. how much cbd oil for pain relief benefits of cbd oil for cancer patients benefits of vaping cbd oil

  64. best potent cbd oil for dogs with cancer cbd oil vs hemp oil comparison best cbd hemp oil for pain

  65. Fhsbphise说道:

    legitimate source for viagra buybuyviamen.com viagra anxiety attack

  66. Fmsgphise说道:

    bagaimana menggunakan viagra what will happen when women take viagra viagra edema polmonare

  67. printable cbd oil handout strongest cbd oil for sale best cbd oil for pain management

  68. is cbd oil legal in georgia charlottes web cbd oil cbd oil legal in all 50 states

  69. Dbsfalofs说道:

    viagra over the counter price sildenafil cost canada sildenafil 50mg buy

  70. Hvpbmr说道:

    clomid for sale – https://clomisale.com / clomiphene online

  71. cbd oil for dogs说道:

    does cbd oil fight pain cbd hemp oil for sale amazon does cbd oil help tinnitus

  72. cheap research paper writers algebra homework answers buy essays for college

  73. Fdbvalofs说道:

    generic viagra online 100mg buy cheap generic viagra uk cost of 1 viagra pill

  74. JsweEmpiz说道:

    real viagra no prescription sildenafil 20 coupon buy sildenafil 200mg

  75. american essay writing service random assignments buy essays cheap

  76. should schools have homework buy essays for college how to write argumentative essays

  77. Kwgdliat说道:

    human resource dissertation writing a good thesis for a research paper pay to do my assignment engineering

  78. Fqfphise说道:

    research paper books college essays prepscholar books on writing essays

  79. Fsfphise说道:

    thesis statement maker for a research paper research paper unit plan apa essay writing

  80. best custom essay writing service说道:

    how to write an essays define assignations best uk essay writing service

  81. buy essay说道:

    how to write argumentative essays photography assignment how to become a better essay writer

  82. pay to do homework writing essay online buy argumentative essay

  83. Dvscalofs说道:

    write my essay for me thesis statement of an essay writing a proposal

  84. the best essay writing service good homework music buy cheap essay

  85. buying an essay federalist papers writers the best essay writing service

  86. Ftghphise说道:

    research paper length writing a research paper abstract professional resume cover letter

  87. instant personal loans no credit check unemployed personal loans online online personal loan lender

  88. bactrim price说道:

    cialis 40 mg pharmacy cialis tablet cialis 60 mg for sale

  89. Ecvfbs说道:

    where to buy cialis online – https://okviacia.com/ cialis for order

  90. Fnsbphise说道:

    economics dissertation helping the poor essay my college essay

  91. Pddjde说道:

    cialis price walmart – https://viaciaok.com/ cialis low price

  92. desyrel cheap说道:

    buy cialis 10 mg cialis for sale cialis 40mg online

  93. Pdidgo说道:

    best price for generic cialis – https://tadalapi.com/ canadian pharmacy king

  94. Fnrdphise说道:

    viagra clone viagra c20 cialis where is viagra manufactured

  95. ceclor pills说道:

    sildenafil 130 mg australia sildenafil united states sildenafil 100mg price

  96. Tygkgc说道:

    what is cialis – https://edptadal.com/ buying cheap cialis online

  97. Fnrhphise说道:

    viagra gum generic viagra viagra in sacramento

  98. ceclor pills说道:

    tadalafil 10 mg nz tadalafil 10 mg prices tadalafil for sale

  99. levitra 10mg australia levitra medication levitra australia

  100. Ikyolm说道:

    usa cialis – https://viapll.com/ buy no rx cialis

  101. Fwdhak说道:

    generic sildenafil – viagra without doctor brand name viagra

  102. Lmbowl说道:

    buying cialis online – https://tadaldos.com/ cialis 10 or 20 mg

  103. allegra 120mg cheap allegra 120 mg pills allegra without prescription

  104. Fqbfphise说道:

    buy cialis overnight shipping cialis using paypal in australia cialis generic canada pharmacy

  105. antivert medication antivert 25 mg tablets antivert 25mg online pharmacy

  106. ampicillin 250mg tablet ampicillin 500 mg prices ampicillin 250 mg for sale

  107. Khedliat说道:

    viagra without prescription canada viagra or cialis or levitra trial over the counter viagra for sale

  108. Fsfgphise说道:

    buy viagra super force on line avaiability of viagra in calgary generic viagra review forum

  109. Dvncalofs说道:

    cialis c800 generic cialis cialisorigina

  110. Xultba说道:

    cialis by mail – https://okpharmp.com/ what is cialis

  111. diilsKt说道:

    price of cialis walmart pfizer cialis canada cialis in indian pharmacy

  112. Fgnsalofs说道:

    cialis dosage cialis prices nz where to get generic cialis without prescription

  113. Gsyloe说道:

    best canadian pharmacy for cialis – legitimate canadian pharmacy canadian pharmacy world coupon

  114. Fbsbphise说道:

    cialis 5mg no perscription buy low dose cialis online brand cialis

  115. bactrim for sale说道:

    tamoxifen tablets tamoxifen 10 mg uk tamoxifen 20 mg tablets

  116. diilsKt说道:

    cialis merida pfizer cialis canada do need cialis

  117. Fgrsphise说道:

    viagra 100mg canada viagra in south africa generic viagra scam

  118. Kfthwr说道:

    buy ceftin online – buy erythromycin online buy flagyl generic

  119. llevitraaa说道:

    levitra con red bull levitra for sale on ebay levitra pagine sanitarie

  120. avapro 150 mg over the counter avapro 300mg for sale avapro united kingdom

  121. Yzmgvr说道:

    ampicillin online – https://antibiopl.com/ buy nitrofurantoin

  122. JgsvEmpiz说道:

    products like viagra rxcandaviagra has anyone in australia bought viagra online

  123. bactrim 800/160mg usa bactrim australia bactrim 800/160mg prices

  124. Dvnjalofs说道:

    best viagra substitute over the counter buy viagra using paypal buy viagra online uk paypal

  125. llevitraaa说道:

    levitra embalagem levitra buying levitra private krankenversicherung

  126. benicar uk说道:

    biaxin usa order biaxin biaxin purchase

  127. VdlsKt说道:

    viagra meds online in australia generic viagra usa viagra logo

  128. Fhsnalofs说道:

    viagra for women in australia generuc viagra generic viagra with dapoxetine

  129. Ffztat说道:

    buying prescription drugs from canada – what is cialis canadian pharmacy king

  130. Guwzti说道:

    buy cialis online safely – liquid tadalafil generic cialis tadalafil 20mg

  131. cheapest calcium carbonate calcium carbonate 500 mg over the counter calcium carbonate 500mg united kingdom

  132. CialKt说道:

    Generic tadalafil tablets cialis without prescriptions cialis dosage instructions

  133. ceclor without a doctor prescription ceclor prices ceclor 500mg otc

  134. Tfzzhy说道:

    viagra approved – http://sslidpl.com/ viagra sildenafil 100mg

  135. Lslqyc说道:

    50mg viagra – sildenafil reviews buy viagra com

  136. how to buy catapres catapres tablets catapres 100mcg usa

  137. cleocin 150mg purchase buy cleocin how to buy cleocin

  138. CialKt说道:

    Generic levitra ed cialis buy cialis usa prolonged use cialis

  139. Waghai说道:

    levitra vardenafil – vardenafil coupon vardenafil online pharmacy

  140. Xffsed说道:

    levitra canada – levitra pill vardenafil 20mg

  141. clonidine united kingdom clonidine prices where to buy clonidine

  142. Ihqndl说道:

    canadian online pharmacy cialis – canadian pharmacy phone number best online canadian pharmacy

  143. Okavdb说道:

    best price cialis – cheap cialis prescription vardenafil 10mg

  144. bactrim coupon说道:

    clozaril without prescription clozaril tablet clozaril online

  145. order colchicine colchicine 0,5mg uk colchicine 0,5 mg without a doctor prescription

  146. viagra online payment through paypal
    ranbaxy viagra
    clomid purchase Douby Guarp

  147. asCesy说道:

    price of cialis pills buy cialis online is viagra really needed cialis pills

  148. Cemspige说道:

    buy cialis no rx cheap cialis brand cialis online

  149. cipro prices说道:

    how to purchase symbicort inhaler 160/4,5 mcg symbicort inhaler tablets symbicort inhaler 160/4,5 mcg without a doctor prescription

  150. Oqinkx说道:

    cialis generic name – Brand name cialis vardenafil canada

  151. where can i buy cozaar 25mg where can i buy cozaar how to purchase cozaar

  152. Uuzokq说道:

    brand viagra – https://xviaged.com/ levitra generic

  153. buspar uk说道:

    where to buy dapsone 1000caps dapsone caps online pharmacy dapsone caps prices

  154. ddavp 10 mcg generic ddavp 0.1mg cheap ddavp without a prescription

  155. differin 15g pharmacy differin australia differin 15g without a doctor prescription

  156. Pgowad说道:

    viagra online – viagra soft canada order generic levitra

  157. catapres usa说道:

    cheap diltiazem 30 mg diltiazem prices where can i buy diltiazem 60mg

  158. premarin cheap说道:

    doxycycline 100mg medication buy doxycycline 100 mg doxycycline online

  159. where to buy elavil cheap elavil how to buy elavil

  160. Dasamy说道:

    buy viagra new mexico – cheap cialis levitra

  161. cipro usa说道:

    flomax 0,2 mg australia flomax 0,4 mg prices flomax australia

  162. etodolac 300mg without a prescription etodolac 300mg without prescription etodolac medication

  163. flonase nasal spray 50 mcg medication cost of flonase nasal spray flonase nasal spray no prescription

  164. Pfstxj说道:

    cialis once daily – https://ciasuperp.com/ vardenafil 20 mg

  165. where can i buy garcinia cambogia caps garcinia cambogia caps otc garcinia cambogia caps generic

  166. geodon generic geodon uk geodon without a doctor prescription

  167. Dnblai说道:

    tadalafil drug – https://propharmp.com/ vardenafil 20 mg

  168. where to buy imdur 30mg imdur australia imdur australia

  169. cozaar generic说道:

    imuran without a doctor prescription imuran 25mg tablet imuran 50mg for sale

  170. viagra sale women
    cialis with dapoxetine
    what does generic viagra Douby Guarp

  171. levaquin without a prescription levaquin 750mg otc order levaquin

  172. catapres cost说道:

    how to purchase macrobid 50 mg macrobid over the counter macrobid without prescription

  173. viagra for girls说道:

    uk cialis sales
    viagra with alcohol
    viagra generico funcio Douby Guarp

  174. retro wp theme her latest blog crowdfunding wp theme

  175. exhifs说道:

    buy online cheap cialis generic cheap cialis order cialis online without health

  176. viagra 50mg cost说道:

    levitra special offer
    viagra next day delivery uk
    india viagra paypal Douby Guarp

  177. proair inhaler 100 mcg tablets proair inhaler cost proair inhaler coupon

  178. cialis tablet 5mg
    viagra tabs
    come farsi prescrivere il cialis Douby Guarp

  179. provigil nz provigil online where to buy provigil

  180. Jtmfphise说道:

    ed meds online e d usa pharmacy

  181. cheap reglan 10mg reglan canada reglan 10mg no prescription

  182. Nllpalofs说道:

    online drugstore pharmacy med rx pharmacy cvs drugstore

  183. dating sites free,free dating online
    dating sites extra
    free dating sites

  184. JlloEmpiz说道:

    24 hour pharmacy pharmacy cvs drugstore

  185. free dating site说道:

    free dating sites,free dating sites
    dating sites
    free dating websites

  186. Fwsxphise说道:

    ed meds online without doctor prescription legit online pharmacy best drugstore makeup

  187. Lokuphise说道:

    online pharmacy without scripts discount rx discount rx

  188. Kzorkn说道:

    perscription drugs from canada – https://cialviap.com/ vardenafil 10 mg

  189. vantin 100mg pharmacy where to buy vantin vantin 200mg united states

  190. free dating online,free online dating
    cost-free dating online
    free online dating websites

  191. list of viagra over counter countries
    buying viagra in singapore
    donde se compra viagra mexico Douby Guarp

  192. tadalafil india 5mg

    blog topic

  193. where to buy zofran zofran united kingdom zofran 4mg pharmacy

  194. Iurbuw说道:

    cialis generic tadalafil for sale – https://edplsvici.com/ levitra generic

  195. cialis cheap usa说道:

    best place to buy cialis in canada
    get viagra online
    legitimate generic viagra Douby Guarp

  196. bactrim cost说道:

    how to purchase zyprexa 2,5mg zyprexa 15 mg purchase zyprexa without prescription

  197. Kpojoe说道:

    is it safe to use kamagra? – https://kamapll.com/ vardenafil for sale

  198. periactin united states periactin purchase periactin 4 mg coupon

  199. Kbunog说道:

    levitra 20 mg – http://vardpill.com/ vardenafil online pharmacy

  200. plaquenil 400 mg without a doctor prescription plaquenil nz where can i buy plaquenil

  201. protonix pharmacy protonix cheap where to buy protonix 40 mg

  202. Xafarx说道:

    ed medication online – http://edpropls.com/ medications for ed

  203. Irolcat说道:

    viagra generic viagra same
    buy cialis online south africa
    what is the cost of viagra per pill Douby Guarp

  204. catapres online说道:

    procardia uk procardia 30mg canada procardia 30 mg tablets

发表评论

 业务咨询:13402492925     技术咨询: 13363117855    投诉建议:68072620

地址:河北省石家庄中华北大街高柱路朗德E座403室QQ:309806325 邮箱 donglu420@163.com
版权所有:河北指南针检测服务中心  网站地图 后台入口

点击收缩

在线客服

咨询热线

13402492925
指南针检测